records suggest that the original city Senkadagalapura was established
by the King Wickramabahu III during the period of his reign from
1357-1374 AD. The history of Kandy and it's townscape has been in a
state of flux from the beginning of British rule, particularly after the
1818 rebellion. But with its rich heritage of living monuments, Kandy
continues to be the cultural capital of Sri Lanka. Today, Kandy city is
well known for its scenic beauty, favorable climate, cultural values and
The nearest international airport is at Colombo, 116 kms
Colombo is also the International sea port.
Road and Rail:
There are excellent rail and road services which
connect Kandy to other parts of the country.
This is available from several international agencies.
Food for the Eyes and Soul
With its Sinhalese style architecture, this is
undoubtedly the greatest attraction of the city. Dalada Maligawa is one
of the most sacred places for the Buddhists all over the world. The most
prominent feature of the building is the Octagon, the place from where
the king addressed the public on important occasions.
Maha Vishnu Devale:
Located towards the northwest of the palace,
this is a shrine built in the 18th century and dedicated to Lord Vishnu
of the Hindu Pantheon, but also worshiped by the Buddhists.
Dating back to the 14th century, this is oldest
shrine in Kandy and one of the best examples showing the influence of
South Indian architecture.
2 kilometers to the east of the Palace
complex, this is an image house built around a ten metre high standing
Buddha statue, carved out of an in-situ natural rock.
Situated amidst the serene ambience of a
location covered with long green trees and bounded by a cascading stream
flowing through the forest, this is an ancient temple belonging to the
Malwatta Vihara. It is at the Peradeniya - Galaha road.
This image house is considered to be one of
the best examples of extant traditional Sinhalese temple architecture.
Botanical Gardens of Peradeniya:
Surrounded by the river
Mahaweli on three sides and connected to the opposite bank by a
suspension bridge, this is the best garden in the country. The garden is
a paradigm of the wealth and beauty of the tropics with over hundred
varieties of palm trees, wondrous arches of glossy foliage, lovely
fernery and orchid houses with rare blossoms and spice trees in groves.
It is located at Peradeniya.
Located at the center of the city, the lake with a
traditional artistic feature is attractive and keeps the environment
cool- a prime reason for the city being considered as one of the best
tourist resorts of the island. The banks of the lake is dotted with a
variety of trees of which some are historic. Naturally, the narrow path
along the Lake is a popular hang out zone for the city dwellers,
particularly the lovers.
The annual average rainfall is around 1905-3175 mm. The main rainfall
season is South-west monsoon. During the Inter-monsoonal seasons,
thunderstorm showers are frequent in the central island. Kandy has an
average temperature level between a range of 21-26 C.
Esala Perahera: This is the world famous pageant of elephants and light
which takes place every year in August. The Tooth Relic of the Buddha
(widely believed to be an actual tooth of the Lord Buddha) is carried in
a sacred casket around the city during this ritual. Only a specially
trained tusker is entrusted with the task of carrying the Tooth Relic.
Taking place once a year in Kandy, it is held for two weeks in July or
August - the actual dates depending on the phases of the moon.
There are metered taxis with yellow top and red
and white plates. Drivers expect a 10 percent tip.
Best Bargains: Souvenirs in wood, copper, silver, brass, ebony, and
bronze. Ceramics, lacquer work, handlooms, batiks, jewellery and rush
and reed-ware can also be purchased.
Tourists have a wide choice of accomodation ranging from hotels and
inns to guest houses and private homes.