abode to an enormous collection of charming avian population, Sri Lanka
is bird watcher's paradise. Total number of bird species nestling in the
sanctuaries are 431 in number, out of which 251 are resident and 23 are
migratory to the island. Most of these birds are confined to the wet
Some of the perfect locations for sighting the endemic birds are Horton
Plains National Park, Sinharaja Natural World Heritage and the Peak
Wetland of coastal area of Bundala and Yala National Parks and
Muturajawela and Bellanwila swamp stocks a worthy location for migratory
sea birds. Some of the migratory birds like warblers, thrushes, cuckoos
etc are easily traceable in the forests of Sri Lanka. The grand basin
attracts diverse species of herons, ducks and terns. Bundala is also
quite renowned for its migratory population of flamingoes.
The sanctuary is spread over an area of 55 acre of dense forest with a
diverse variety of trees and plants, some trees are even 100 years old.
The bank of Kandalama tank is a home of rich variety of medicinal herbs
with numerous bird populations. The numerous varieties of habitat and
the water tank offers its visitors the opportunity to sight more than
145 species that comprises of almost one third of total number of bird
population in Sri Lanka. Some of the easily sighted birds are arboreal,
terrestrial and aquatic birds.
Yala (Ruhuna) National Park
Yala is extended over an area of 1,259sq.km and adjoins to the Lahugala
Elephant Sanctuary towards the North. It is at a distance of 309km from
Colombo and enjoys the terrain of vast open green land and thick
forests. The complete national park is embellished with water bodies,
lakes and lagoons that provide an idle location to flocks of birds that
capture the charm of the bird enthusiasts.
Kumana Bird Sanctuary
Kumana Bird Sanctuary a home to local as well as migratory aquatic
birds is located towards the northeast of Yala National Park. As the
region enjoys the vegetation of mangrove swamps it makes a perfect
location for the world famous bird population, that includes-
flamingoes, ibis, herons and pheasants. The other attraction of Kumana
are elephants, the heard of elephants can also be sighted frequently.
Sinharaja is a vast hot and humid rain forest stretching across Galle,
Matara and Ratnapura. It is the home to some of the endemic birds found
in the island such as the black-crested bulbul, whistling thrust, Sri
Lanka white eye etc. It offers such an extensive melange for the bird
watchers that even a complete lifetime will be not enough to reveal its
Bundala is the birdwatcher's celestial home located 246km from Colombo.
The best time to visit Bundala is from August to April, during this time
almost 20,000 shore birds can be sighted. The water bodies and the swamp
mud provides guarded nesting and feeding place for wintering birds. The
main attractions of the area are Migratory Stints, Sand Pipers, Plovers,
Terns, Gulls, Ducks, and Flamingos, found in boundless numbers, along
with the resident water birds such as Herons, Egrets, Pelicans, Teals,
Storks and Grebes.